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GRAMMAR-PHOBIA

 FOREWORD
 
This book is aimed primarily at native English speakers who would like to remind themselves how English grammar works.  It seems curious that so many of us use and abuse our mother tongue so effectively every day, and yet many of us have forgotten about the underlying structure of English, if indeed we ever knew much about it!

Most English speakers remember a little of what lies beneath.  Verbs are commonly remembered as 'doing' words, nouns as the names of things and adjectives as descriptive words, but beyond that, many of us just don't go.
 
If you have learned English as a second language, then I hope you too will find this book of interest. Rather than try to include every possible variation and detail, I have concentrated on the main grammatical rules and conventions that will give you a working knowledge of the structure of English grammar, but without getting so deep into the detail that you lose your concentration.
 
It was only when I emigrated to Spain several years ago that I (an English speaker with almost no knowledge of any other languages beyond some long-forgotten school French and German) started to notice that my lack of grammatical knowledge was becoming a hindrance. Why?  Because I had decided that as part of moving to Spain, I should learn the Spanish language - how hard could it be?  I like to think of myself as a reasonably smart, average sort of fellow and there are thousands of bilingual people around so, I figured, give me a few months and I would be chatting away in perfect Spanish without a care in the world.

Well here I am several years later, able to communicate just about, but it is slow and painful even to my ears - it must be horrible to listen to from a Spanish perspective.

What went wrong?  Well many things actually.  A busy life in an English community within Spain, my businesses conducted exclusively in English, lack of time and motivation I guess and, most importantly, whenever I tried to read and learn Spanish from textbooks, I struggled right from the outset with the terminology and grammar.
 
I once, just once, sat in on a Spanish lesson that my wife had organised.  It started something like this...

"Hola!

Our first lesson starts with the verb TO BE.  In Spanish there are two verbs TO BE.  The first, ESTAR, indicates a transitive state of being.  The second, SER, indicates a permanent state. Both are highly irregular in form, so when you conjugate the verbs, unlike the regular verbs ending in ar, er and ir, the endings are unpredictable.  There are fourteen simple and compound tenses to learn and remember in Spanish.  The past participles of SER and ESTAR are ESTADO and SIDO respectively; the gerunds are ESTANDO and SIENDO. Got that? Moving on...." 

Zzzzzzzzzzzzzz….I was already lost!


GRAMMAR-PHOBIA
BOOK CONTENTS

 

FOREWORD

THE BASICS

NOUNS

VERBS

ADJECTIVES

SINGULAR AND PLURAL

PERSONAL PRONOUNS

ADVERBS

THE GERUND

PAST PARTICIPLES

PERSON

SUBJECT AND OBJECT

SENTENCES AND PHRASES

TENSE

GENDER

CONJUGATION

PREPOSITIONS

POSSESSIVE OR GENITIVE CASE

SIMILE AND METAPHOR

ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE

THE APOSTROPHE

PUNCTUATION

POSTSCRIPT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 





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GRAMMAR-PHOBIA

















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